Types of Battery Used in Forklift Truck with Advantages

Types of Battery Used in Forklift Truck with Advantages

Forklifts need constant power supply to work properly, for which they use deep cycle industrial grade batteries that can be discharged up to 80% on a regular basis. Forklifts use a variety of industrial batteries ranging from size to density.

Lithium-ion Battery (Advantages)

  • Li-ion or Lithium Battery is the most preferred type of batteries used in electric smart trucks because of their high energy density. In a warehouse, the working periods are usually strenuous which is why most of the forklifts are lithium based as the equipments consume a lot of power to operate longer.
  • These batteries are lightweight but offer a great deal of higher capacity when compared to other batteries in the market.
  • Another reason why this battery is so popular is because of its fast charge cycle and it is also rechargeable.
  • Lithium-ion batteries have the capacity to complete hundreds of charge and have a higher chance of life-span.
  • Another distinct advantage of Li-ion battery is that they do not need maintenance to ensure their performance.
  • Common applications- space constrained products, mobile phones, IoT devices, electronic watches.

Lead Acid Battery (Advantages)

  • Lead acid batteries are the most commonly used batteries that offer best price to power ratio.
  • These batteries are relatively low in cost, makes it even more attractive for use in motor vehicles to offer the high current required by automobile starter motors.
  • Lead-acid battery offers a chance to recycle and, for instance, WHO conducts one of the most successful recycling programs in the world. To prevent lead emission, there is always a continuous improvement in battery recycling.
  • Due to the robust quality and tolerant to abuse, they remain the technology of choice for automotive SLI (starting, lighting and ignition) applications. It is also tolerant to overcharging.
  • Lead-acid batteries are available in wide range of sizes and capacities along with wide temperature range.
  • Common applications- Car batteries, high current demand applications, large scale battery banks.

Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery (Advantages)

  • Nickel-Metal Hydride battery, abbreviated NiMH or Ni-MH is a type of rechargeable battery and its energy density can approach to that of a lithium-ion battery.
  • If equipment needs long lasting power, then NiMH is the right choice for it. It has the potential to last 3 to 4 times longer than the NiCd batteries.
  • NiMH price is absolutely right depending upon the brand and model
  • These batteries are less susceptible to memory issues
  • One of the best aspects of Nickel-Metal Hydride battery is that they’re less harmful to the environment as compared to other batteries, as the batteries are of hybrid quality, marking one step towards future.
  • Common application- electric vehicles, digital cameras, consumer electrics, portable devices.

Alkaline Battery (Advantages)

  • Alkaline Battery is an extremely common type of battery to be used for any application.
  • Such batteries have a lesser price in comparison to other known batteries in the market.
  • It offers decent power density between 3 and 5 times capacity than an equal size of zinc chloride cell. It has even longer shelf-life with same voltage if compared with zinc-carbon batteries types.
  • To be accurate about the size of A- Batteries depends upon the kind of appliance, from tiny AAA size batteries which are popularly used for low power lights, to medium sized AA battery and then very large C and D cells, which are generally used to power really very high load appliances like portable stereos.
  • These batteries can be recycled too, causing less negative impact on the environment.
  • Common applications- household items, toys, consumer electronics.

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